Influence of Food on Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes is a health condition that occurs when the body fails to produce a sufficient amount of insulin or is unable to fully utilize the already produced hormone. A simple sugar known as glucose is the main energy supply for body cells. The body has intricate mechanisms that ensure a steady balance of glucose levels in the bloodstream. The body usually converts the most digestible carbohydrates into glucose, which is promptly absorbed into the body's bloodstream. At the same time, the body can be at high risk of triggering diabetes when there is a malfunction in the pancreas, which is responsible for the regulation of blood sugar levels. Moreover, diabetes is directly connected with the quality of diet. This essay aims at proving that patients who are taught about good eating habits do not have a lower risk of developing diabetes as immense hurdles are impeding the success of the initiative.

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It has been estimated that over 24 million people living in the USA have so far been diagnosed with diabetes type II (Khan, 2012). Surprisingly, a quarter of this population is not aware that they have the illness. The federal government has revealed that a significant portion of the national budget has been utilized in the fight against diabetes, but so far, the efforts have proven to be futile. Besides, it is projected that, if there is little or no aversion regarding the spread of the disease, there is a high probability that the number of diabetics will rise to 48 million in 2050 and 439 million by the year 2030 (Khan, 2012). Following these alarming predictions, the government together with medical institutions have reinforced the ongoing initiatives to educate patients about good eating habits as they claim it is the best way to lower the risk for developing diabetes mellitus type II (Khan, 2012). Nonetheless, nurses and health care providers have subsequently encountered innumerable challenges coupled with designing and implementing various care initiatives. Certain people, among whom are diabetic patients, as well as communities and organizations have considerably frustrated this noble effort because of their family, cultural or religious ideologies. The majority of those receiving teachings find it difficult to adopt the proposed remedial dietary measures in their lifestyles. Surprisingly, some of them would rather spend money on curative measures than alter their lifestyles merely to prevent diabetes mellitus type II. Some cultures and religions also find certain suggestions, such as patterns of eating and drinking, to be inappropriate and disagreeable in their beliefs.

The battle against diabetes ought to have been unanimously approached by everyone in society. While nurses and health caregivers perform the role of informing the public about the possible dangers associated with certain eating habits, the general public is expected to cooperate with them by improving their usual diets. Among the recommended dietary changes necessary for preventing diabetes mellitus type II are: limiting the intake of food rich in carbohydrates, skipping sugary drinks and instead choosing water and stimulants such as tea and coffee, choosing good fatty stuff over the bad one that contains cholesterol, and limiting the intake of red and processed meat. Instead, people are advised to select fish, poultry, nuts, and whole-grain (Skyler, 2015). Those who also have a habit of smoking are encouraged to quit it. Similarly, everyone should consider having an alcoholic drink in moderate quantities. Several studies depict that the moderate consumption of alcohol lowers the risk of getting diabetes type II. Concisely, nurses and health caregivers have been admonishing people on the significance of keeping fit and leading an active lifestyle.

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However, it is rather discouraging how diverse populations with different individual and religious beliefs have failed in their concerted efforts. Unfortunately, most of these people have refuted certain medical procedures that would have otherwise become a way of treating diabetes. Based on the articles written by Smith, Jones, and Craig (2014), it is still unlikely that patients who are receiving relevant teachings regarding healthy eating habits prospect having the lowest risk for developing diabetes mellitus type II (Skyler, 2015). According to them, the motive for the initiative to conduct teaching sessions for the patients is all right, but the program may not suffice to be efficient because of the reactions from people who have different personal and religious beliefs concerning the suggestions highlighted in the prevention measures. A relevant example is cited in a case where Bills, Forte, Kiwi, and Farer (2013) delineate how parents of a girl who was barely one year old rejected blood transfusion because of their religious beliefs (Khan, 2012). A week earlier, this girl suffered from a major trauma following a motor vehicle road accident and was in desperate need of blood transfusion, since her blood was significant with an Hgb below 6.0mg/dl. Consequently, the case of the young girl became fatal due to the unflinching stand taken by her parents.

It is difficult to believe that patients who are taught about good eating habits will prospect having the lowest risk for developing diabetes mellitus type II because of the aforementioned impeding factors to the well-intended initiatives. Seemingly, the problem has intensified because dietary measures are strongly connected with behavior modification. This situation is largely reflected in the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Based on the TPB, a person's behavior is determined by his or her purpose to execute it (Efrat & Shoham, 2013). Besides, it is coupled with an individual's perceived control, or self-efficacy, over the subsequent performance of the said behavior. This theory signifies that the intention of a person often relies on the weighted comparative importance of behavioral attitudes. The behavioral attitude refers to the positive and negative feelings toward a particular mode of behavior, which mirrors an individual's beliefs as well as subjective norms. Based on this explanation, it can be assumed that the challenges faced by nurses in this initiative emanate from the apparent social pressure of diabetics to accomplish a behavior that is based on the prevalent normative beliefs (Efrat & Shoham, 2013). Nurses and caregivers have been attempting to modify normative beliefs together with subjective norms of people regarding diabetes self-care. This is what has caused a mismatch between whatever people believe should be normal behavior for diabetic victims and what the same people are socially pressurized to do concerning their diabetes precaution.

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About the theory, evidence, clinical judgment, research, and interprofessional perspectives using translational processes to improve practice and associated health outcomes for patient aggregates, this discussion elucidates the optimism exhibited so far by the concerned parties in addressing the diabetes menace. It also expresses hope that much can be achieved given the willingness to change one's behavior (Efrat & Shoham, 2013). Nonetheless, the government has to devise more pragmatic approaches that would propel the initiative to succeed since statistics depict diabetes as an imminent threat to humanity.

In conclusion, patients who are taught good eating habits do not prospect having the lowest risk for developing diabetes mellitus type II because of the intricacies that have marred the teaching process. There is a need to adopt a multitude of systems and strategies to support behavior change among the target population suffering from diabetes. So far, the approaches to behavioral medicine, which acknowledge the difficulties in behavior change, have confirmed that the initial frameworks were feeble to engender the expected outcomes about the teaching initiative. Therefore, this condition becomes a revelation in prompting for research that would recommend appropriate steps toward a lasting solution. This stage will confirm the validity of the theory of planned behavior, scholarly evidence, clinical judgment, research, and interprofessional perspectives with translational processes to advance practice and related health outcomes for patient combinations.


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