Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, abbreviated as CBT, is a type of cure that is much concerned with the affairs between thoughts, the way of thinking, and also the characters or behaviors; hence, it helps one to be in a position to respond to these thoughts effectively. CBT sessions are done by the people referred to as health counselors or therapists. Fisher (2008) asserts that usually CBT is meant to cure different types of problems; for example, stress, depression, nervousness, phobias, and obsession among others.
CBT assists one to discover and adjust nagging thoughts, which have a negative influence on one's behavior (ODonohue, Fisher, 2008). For example, if someone is depressed or stressed in his or her mind, one may develop the negative idea that he or she is useless or hollow. Moreover, a person with fear may have the negative feeling that he or she is in danger. With these negative thoughts, someone strongly believes that whatever he or she feels is true, but with the help of a therapist, the patient is helped to challenge these negative or false feelings. Fisher asserts that mostly, cognitive behavioral therapy pinpoints the importance of thinking according to the way one feels and what he or she has to do with it (2008).
Types of Cognitive Behavior Therapy
According to Beck (2008), we have different types of cognitive behavior therapy, which include: rational living therapy, dialectic behavior therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, and rational behavior therapy. In most cases, cognitive behavior therapy is used to help people with mental illnesses to recover (Beck, 2011). CBT adjusts the patient's way of thinking and serene coping. Therapists are expected to be both keen to identify the problem, and also objective-directed in addressing the tough symptoms of a mentally challenged patient. Any patient undergoing cognitive behavior therapy is advised to do daily practice, even when not undertaking the sessions, at home, because this is a treatment that needs a lot of involvement. In a CBT session, therapists, to be in a good position and to get the patterns that bring the negative thinking, mostly encourage the patients to monitor and list down the thoughts that cross their minds (Beck, 2011). The main purpose of cognitive behavior therapy is to help any person suffering from mental health to cope with this state; hence, it is an effective way to assist people with this condition to learn the ways of overcoming the stressful moments in everyday life.
Components of the CBT
Cognitive behavior therapy is associated with the cognitive bias model of emotional response. During the CBT sessions, it is said that what we feel is caused by what we think, and there is no external cause; for example, there is no event or person involved anywhere. Here, it is the internal feeling that is involved, that is thought. The advantage is that what we think can be changed for a better feeling, even though the situation might not change in some cases. The Socratic Method is one of the requirements of cognitive behavior therapy. This is to help the counselor to get a clear understanding of the patient's problem. This is done by asking several questions; both by the counselor asking the patient, and also by the patient asking himself or herself.
Cognitive behavior therapy relies on the inductive method. This involves rational thinking. At times, we tend to upset ourselves by the way we think about something; yet, in the real sense that thought is not right, and if one has the idea that whatever he/she is thinking about, then he/she would not waste time stressing oneself. This inductive method will one in taking his/her thoughts as hypotheses in that if the thought is different or not right, then there is room to change one's way of thinking.
A good relationship between the therapist and the patient is also extremely important. This may assist in achieving good results since the two parties are on good terms; hence, there will be no probability that the patient or therapist will lose interest since both are in for it.
Another component of cognitive behavior therapy is homework. During the sessions therapists assign practicing assignments to the patients, to help them to obtain or get the concept learned; in other words, to attain/correctly get his her facts. The homework is there, since the therapy process is not something easy, it takes a long time; therefore, practice is necessary for the patient to get the facts in the right way. Cognitive behavior therapy is short and time-limited. CBT sessions are quite straightforward. The concept taught is not going to take forever to remember; once the concept or goal is achieved the session is ended. Therefore, both the patient and the therapist play a role in deciding the period when the therapy session will finish.
Cognitive behavior therapy is mostly concerned with stoic thinking. We have an example of types of cognitive bias that insist on stoicism; that is rational living therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, and also rational behavior therapy. However, some cognitive behavior therapies do not insist on stoicism, for example, the Becks one. In most cases, people dislike the feeling they had before therapy (Craske, 2010). One is taught the way to cope with stress, depending on a different situation; for example, sometimes the feeling might be extremely stressful, or just indifferent. Stressing conditions or situations exist in our lives, whether one is mad or not, and by learning this one is in a position to always accept problems and not let them stress one away, but allowing finding a way to solve those issues without them stressing you.
Cognitive behavior therapy is planned and has instructions. During the training sessions, therapists tend to assist the patient to achieve what he or she needs (Seligman, Reichenberg, 2007). Therapists do not conclude the patients on what the patient should feel, because the agenda here is to make patients achieve what they would bear. Hence, a counselor helps the patient to figure out the steps he or she will take to reach his or her goal.
Both the therapist's and the patient's efforts are basic requirements in cognitive behavior therapy. The therapist here listens carefully to the patient's goal and assists the patient on the way to go about it. In addition, the patient makes sure that he/she expresses his/her concerns, gives room for learning, and practices what he/she has learned. Therefore, the mutual effort will help a goal to be achieved by the patient.
Lastly, cognitive behavior therapy is also an educational replica. The great aim of therapy is to assist the patient to delete all the negative thoughts or reactions and achieve (learning) a fresh style of reacting (Hofmann, Reinecke, 2010). This component has a permanent result since after the therapy the patient has the idea why he/she is better; hence, understands the actions he/she has to undertake to keep doing well.
Criticisms of the cognitive bias
Some patients complain that despite the fact, they identify their problems or define negative thoughts, at times they keep having in mind those feelings since they are aware of them. It is so difficult for them to prevent themselves from negative ideas.