Summary

When speaking about development of audio networking, most of authors concentrate their attention on the single issue in order to present maximum data on the topic. However, Kevin Gross could throw light upon several aspects concerning the topic of the applications and requirements of the audio networking. Thus, the abovementioned article points the main survey methods and respondents, application categories, standards and its reliability. At the beginning of the article, the author provides the historical background of audio network in order to help the readers understand its essence and root of development.

The readers can discover that the first audio network dates back to 1877 when the Bell Telephone Company installed the first network. However, professional digital audio started with the introduction of the compact discs in 1982. Xerox was the first to establish Ethernet in 1976. Thus, only in 1995, with the introduction of a new version of fast Ethernet, standard large-scale distribution became possible in high-capacity networks.

Important information is presented in order to underline the fact that different audio applications would need different requirements. However, the number of respondents representing this idea is rather small to indicate such an issue and formulate the common solution, and that is the reason for further research of this notion.

There is no doubt that audio networking has rich history full of specific aspects that need to be researched, but much attention should be paid to applications and requirements in order to improve the quality of the network. Nevertheless, the mentioned article provides the significant information concerning the topic and appropriate data for the future research on the issue. Readers could consider the main issues regardless of the application categories and consumer applications in order to form the mechanism for the improvements and innovations in the area of audio networking.

Analysis

The case study under analysis is focused on the audio networking and the main application and requirements that are provided for this branch of technical activity. However, it points the main survey methods and respondents, application categories, standards and reliability. The article is partially devoted to the historical background of audio network in order to understand its essence and root of development. In addition to this, Kevin Gross presents informative charts in order to see the relevant data that illustrates the level of performance of latency requirements and types of cable survey most appropriate for audio network.

“The survey asked two questions regarding audio networking standards. Respondents, regardless of application area, overwhelmingly reported a preference toward building “an audio distribution system based on open standards” and “interoperable equipment available from multiple vendors”. (Gross, 2006, p. 64) Thus, it can be stated that there are no open standards existing nowadays. Only two of the standards may be considered open (AES47 and AES50) as it was declared by AES Standards Committee (Booth, 2010).

Gross announces that all the networks are under the control and are monitored by specific association in audio systems. However, this could be considered the most important factor influencing the adoption of audio networks. Respondents mentioned in the article announce high expectations of the network reliability. Here, it may be underlined that about 77% of respondents had a specific requirement concerning absence of audio interruption and automatic recovery in case of any failures of the system.

The attention was also drawn to the fact that different audio applications would need different requirements. Thus, the number of mentioned respondents was rather small to indicate such an issue and formulate the common solution, and that is the reason for further research of this notion.

The readers can be sure that the future development of audio networking will bring multiple changes in applications and standards together with the technological modernization of equipment. This will considerably increase the quality of network.

Reflection

The main idea of presented coursework is to explore the historical background of audio networking and realize the main issues concerning its modern development. The attention is mostly paid to the applications and requirements that could be changed with the time. The main standards here should serve as the stabile ground for the future innovations.

This article is important for my study objective as it concentrates the research on the application categories and provides data concerning the main categories (unclassified, installed, live (theater and concert), broadcast, consumer, and recording) (Gross, 2006). Moreover, the issue of the article determines the main standards concerning audio networking. The understanding of absence of open standards gives the motivation for research and formulation of relevant standards appropriate for modern network.

One more important issue presented in the article is devoted to the importance of audio latency. Most of articles concerning the topic of specific characteristics of audio networking do not pay enough attention to the information concerning audio latency. The article presented by Kevin Gross contains informative charts to underline the importance of mentioned issue and attitude of respondents to the essence of latency (Gross, 2006).

This article provides strong support and understanding of the main requirements for audio networks and the ways these requirements could be fulfilled. Attention was concentrated on the applicable requirements as the main tools for the improvement of the quality of audio networking.

The article “Audio Networking: Application and Requirements” gave me an opportunity to see the retrospective of the first audio network and focus on the possible perspectives through the improvements and innovation in both technology and service. Moreover, the mentioned article provided the significant information concerning the topic and appropriate data for the future research on the issue.

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