How to Write Synthesis Essay
16 December, 2020 in default category name
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  1. Introduction
  2. What Does It Mean to Synthesize a Text?
  3. Synthesis Essay Definition
  4. Types of Syntheses Used in Essay Writing
  5. How to Write a Successful Synthesis Essay Introduction
  6. How to Write Synthesis Essay
  7. Synthesis Essay Outline Template
  8. How to Write a Conclusion Synthesis Essay
  9. Help Me Write My Synthesis Essay


When students are assigned a synthesis essay to write, they often wonder what kind of essay it is and how it should be organized. In short, this is a kind of essay writing that required much time for a student to master. As can be inferred from the title, it requires some kind of synthesis that should be done concerning the given topic. When researching some topic, you will use relevant methodology and tools, gather information, and then synthesize it to make it clear to the readers. If you want to know what a synthesis paper looks like, you should definitely read the article and find relevant guidelines and recommendations on how to deal with it.

What Does It Mean to Synthesize a Text?

The very first step you have to undergo when you need to provide a text synthesis is to get to know what a synthesis is. Text synthesis entails the development of a new perspective on the issue or topic explored in the text with the help of combining different pieces of information taken from a variety of other sources. To define synthesis, you can look up the meaning in the dictionary and find out that it means the process of combining different ideas or parts into one coherent unit.

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Synthesis Essay Definition

When it comes to the definition of a synthesis paper, in simple words, it is a personal reflection on the information, ideas, and principles gathered from different sources. Metaphorically speaking, synthesis writing is a kind of discussion between you as a writer and the sources that you have gathered. When talking about what a synthesis paper resembles, it is really close to an argumentative essay with the only difference that a synthesis deals more with the discussion rather than the analytical aspect. In the majority of cases, the sources are used to support the idea or standpoint put forward by you.

Before you write a synthesis essay, you have to plan the process carefully, so go through the following AP synthesis essay outline steps:

  1. Formulate a strong thesis statement.

  2. Collect information related to your topic from different scholarly sources.

  3. Compose an outline, where you mention the main parts of your paper.

  4. Write a rough draft of the paper.

Types of Syntheses Used in Essay Writing

  1. Explanatory synthesis. Its main purpose is to help the audience comprehend the presented topic. When you are using this type of synthesis in your writing, you need to explain step by step how exactly you are dividing the topic and what ideas you derive from there. Afterward, when you have gathered all the information, you need to classify and organize it in a clean and orderly manner. The explanations that you use may be related to the process of recreation of some events, objects, places, ideas, experiences, etc. The underlying aim of this type of synthesis writing is not to put forward some argument but merely to present specific facts in an orderly manner that is more objective than argumentative.

  2. Argumentative synthesis. When writing this synthesis essay, your task is to synthesize the existing arguments on the topic and then formulate your own argument based on your standpoint. When putting forward your argument, be sure to rely on credible and trustworthy sources that are taken from reliable media. In the organization of the argument, present them in a logical and comprehensible manner. When formulating a thesis statement, this synthesis paper should be argumentative and debatable rather than merely informative.

How to Write a Successful Synthesis Essay Introduction

When it comes to any essay writing, but especially to synthesis writing, it is significant to compose an effective introduction that properly introduces the topic and mentions what will be synthesized. If you want to have a properly organized paper that will be different from your competitors, check out the following AP lang synthesis essay prompt:

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  1. Gather all the needed information that you would like to synthesize from different sources. Briefly mention what information is “for” and what is “against” your topic. The main idea should be presented in the thesis statement, but all the points should be further developed in the main body.

  2. Whatever ideas you plan to introduce, make sure that they are relevant to your topic. Your introduction will be well balanced when you show both sides of the argument.

  3. Never underestimate the power of the opening sentence in the introductory paragraph. It should be strong and appealing enough to attract an audience. Try to start your introduction with some catchy phrase or a “hook” that will attract readers’ attention.

  4. The main part of the introductory paragraph should be devoted to the summary of the whole paper. You are welcome here to explain the topic's significance, why you have chosen it, what ideas you have found, and what methodology was worth being chosen.

  5. All the claims you have mentioned should be adequately supported by expert evidence. So, make sure you extract the evidence from peer-reviewed and scholarly sources. Try to use research studies of different authors.

  6. It is recommended to clearly explain the meaning and essence of the thesis statement in the introduction instead of hoping that the reader will understand it from the main body of writing.

  7. It is advisable to briefly mention information about the texts that you intend to synthesize.

How to Write Synthesis Essay

  1. Identify the core purpose of writing. Make sure you understand the topic and what you are expected to write about. How can the writing purpose impact your approach to gathering materials and organization of ideas?

  2. Identify what sources you would like to gather. After you have chosen them, read the ideas expressed in the sources and try to relate them to your paper topic and the writing purpose. When you read the sources in depth, highlight or underline those ideas that are worth your attention. Focus on the key terms and concepts that are worth covering.

  3. Come up with a thesis statement. Formulate the main idea that you want to convey in the paper. Be as concise and clear as possible. The idea should be expressed in a comprehensive and full sentence. It depends on the structure and your preference whether you write a thesis statement as the first or as the last sentence of the introduction.

  4. Think of the ways you can work on your sources and take notes. When choosing some specific information from the sources, think about how it will relate to the main idea of your writing and it's topic overall. Based on the information you have gathered, elaborate on your own discussion.

  5. Devise a synthesis paper outline or organizational plan according to the ideas that you have mentioned in the thesis statement. Think about how you will organize the ideas and how you want to highlight the connections between the topics.

  6. Compose the rough draft of the paper. At this point, it is essential to be flexible when it comes to your plan because you may come up with some new ideas or change something – and it is perfectly normal to do it. So, be spontaneous when it comes to new ideas.

  7. Document the chosen sources properly. Adhere to the assigned citation style when you are providing in-text citations and when you compose a reference list.

  8. Revise your synthesis paper upon completion. Pay attention to the logical development of ideas, ensure proper transitions, integrate all citations. Double-check whether the paragraphs are properly developed. Also proofread the paper for potential grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors.

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Synthesis Essay Outline Template

If you want to deliver a successful AP language synthesis essay, you are strongly recommended to compose an extended synthesis essay outline. Check out the template below:

1. Introduction:

  • provide an attention hook (a statement that grabs the attention of the audience);

  • identify the main points that are to be synthesized;

  • formulate the thesis statement.

2. Body paragraph 1:

  • topic sentence with a clearly formulated main idea;

  • expert evidence (supporting the statement);

  • critical analysis of the idea.

3. Body paragraph 2:

  • topic sentence with a clearly formulated main idea;

  • expert evidence (supporting the statement);

  • critical analysis of the idea.

4. Body paragraph 3:

  • topic sentence with a clearly formulated main idea;

  • expert evidence (supporting the statement);

  • critical analysis of the idea.

5. Conclusion:

  • restate the main points;

  • reiterate the thesis statement.

When you use this AP synthesis essay outline, you will definitely ease the writing process and will most probably avoid writer’s block. Without an outline, it may be harder to concentrate and maintain the thread of writing.

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How to Write a Conclusion Synthesis Essay

When you are writing a conclusion, you need to go back to the outline or organizational plan and see whether you have addressed all points in the main body that you were planning to do initially. Make sure that you do not introduce any new ideas (if you have not managed them by this point) and just reiterate the main findings. You may once again highlight whether the aim of essay writing has been accomplished.

Help Me Write My Synthesis Essay

Synthesis meaning may shed light on the essence of synthesis essay writing, but at times it may not be enough for understanding how to provide an effective paper. If you lack time or experience with synthesis paper writing, be sure that you can turn to professional writers for help. Essay writing is always more than just some writing rules and standards: you have to think creatively to provide original content and express your opinions. If you cannot boast this creative mindset, you can rely on our company’s expert and qualified writers for help. With the help of their solid knowledge, analytical thinking skills, and creativity, they will be able to provide a top-notch paper. They have won an excellent reputation as they have rich experience and have already helped numerous students from all over the world. More so, you will be able to get premium-quality paper at an affordable price that is delivered on time.